The UK Government has approved the 5th carbon budget endorsing the Committee on Climate Change (CCC) proposal to limit emissions to 57% lower than 1990 levels between 2028 and 2032 at 1,725MtCO2e.
Under the Climate Change Act 2008 (CC Act) it is the duty of the Secretary of State to ensure that the net UK carbon account for all six Kyoto greenhouse gases for the year 2050 is at least 80% lower than the 1990 baseline. A carbon budget places a restriction on the total amount of greenhouse gases that the UK can emit over a 5-year period.
|Budget||Carbon budget level||% reduction below base year|
|2018-2022||2,544 MtCO2e||35% by 2020|
|2023-2027||1,950 MtCO2e||50% by 2025|
|2028-2032||1,765 MtCO2e||57% by 2032|
The CCC undertakes an annual assessment of whether the UK is on course to meet its carbon budgets, and reports this progress to Parliament. This includes tracking the latest emissions data and identifying underlying progress, as opposed to fluctuations related to temporary factors (e.g. the weather).
There is currently a plan covering the first 4 carbon budgets from 2008-2027 on how budgets will be achieved. This includes:
- Low carbon buildings
- Low carbon transport
- Low carbon industry
- Low carbon power generation
- Low greenhouse gas agriculture and forestry
More information can be found on the Government website